Other uses of the herb: An essential oil from the plant is used as a food flavouring, in soaps and perfumery. Origanum dictamnus is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate. viridulum (Martin-Donos) Nyman from Greece, O. libanoticum Boiss. It could, therefore, have a role to play in the treatment of obesity (Numbers 19:6) Origanum syriacum is thought to be the true Hyssop of the Bible. with help from National distribution surveys, mapping and population assessments for selected medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) in Lebanon (Salvia fruticosa, Origanum syriacum, You mix the dried and powdered herb with various other ingredients–garlic, salt, olive oil, crushed sumac seeds, etc and use it on bread. A member of the Labiatae family, Origanum syriacum L is also known by its common name of Bible Hyssop.. My Garden: … Perennial. Medicinal use of Bible Hyssop: None … As a herb, supplement, or essential oil, it may offer many health benefits. The plant is harvested as flowering begins and can be used fresh or dried. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Assi mentioned that Origanum syriacum and Thymus decussatus are the most collected species for trade in Saint Catherine protectorate because of their medicinal value. You mix the dried and powdered herb with various other ingredients–garlic, salt, olive oil, crushed sumac seeds, etc and use it on bread. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The genus Origanum includes 39 species of perennial plants widely distributed throughout the world whose composition of essential oils and other constituents varies with the geographical location, climate, and other ecological factors. ... Tender perennial grown as an annual. Useful Temperate Plants Database 2016 by Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in … So precious is this herb that in the Levant, Arabs will send out foraging parties to gather it. damascena, Cyclotrichium origanifolium, Origanum ehrenbergii, Viola libanotica, Clinopodium libanoticum) Assessment and Monitoring • Government • NGO • Research institutions 4. Oregano contains antioxidants. endobj Origanum syriacum subp.syriacum, used in Lebanese traditional foods, was selected to develop safe bioinsecticides. It is a preferred primary ingredient in the spice mixture za'atar. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The herb contains 0.15 - 0.4% essential oil and makes good herbal pillows and baths. Medicinal Uses. Origanum syriacum is a perennial found in areas such as S. Europe - E. Mediterranean to W. Asia. A member of the Labiatae family, Origanum syriacum LOriganum syriacum is a perennial found in areas such as S. Europe - E. Mediterranean to W. Asia. 3 0 obj The dried herb is sometimes mixed with sumac (from Rhus species) to form the spice blend known as 'zatar', this is used along with olive oil as a topping for breads[183]. Use. Evergreen sub shrub, Ht. Common name:Za’atar, Zaatar Bible Hyssop, Origanum syriacum,Syrian Oregano. PubMed:[The treatment of respiratory ailments with essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants]. It is also a name given to blends that contain a majority of za’atar or Origanum syriacum. Background. • Both the EO and carvacrol were toxic to M. persicae, S. littoralis and M. domestica.. No EO toxicity was noted on the non-target species H. axyridis and E. fetida.. O. syriacum EO is a good candidate … It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Last update on 2019-08-24: Now containing 8457 plants. PubMed:Composition of essential oil compounds from different Syrian populations of Origanum syriacum L. (Lamiaceae). This plant is believed to be the hyssop of the Old Testament of the Bible, hence the sometimes used common name of Bible hyssop or Holy hyssop. Ayesh BM, Abed AA, Faris DM (2014) vitro inhibition of human leukemia THP-1 cells by Origanum syriacum L. and Thymus … endemic of Lebanon and O. syriacum L. from Lebanon were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. PubMed:Effect of ethnomedicinal plants used in folklore medicine in Jordan as antibiotic resistant inhibitors on Escherichia coli. Likewise, O. syriacum has many culinary uses and medicinal purposes. 60cm, spread 45cm. Phytochemical investigations of the species of this genus have resulted in the extraction of a number of important bioactive compounds. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. 2 0 obj web interface by See the list of Medicinal herbs in Israel, the parts used and their medical uses to treat various diseases. Background: Origanum syriacum L. is an aromatic plant growing wild in Lebanon. The database and code is licensed under a Medicinal plants and culinary herbs have gained importance in the last decade as cytotoxic and antitumor agents. Origanum syriacum grows wild in the Lebanese mountains and can be found everywhere in rocky places from the North to the South and at different altitudes. The essential oils obtained from aromatic plants such as Origanumhave been widely used since the Middle Ages for numerous applications. Find Origanum syriacum (Middle East Oregano, Za'attar) online at Jekka's. The velvety gray-green leaves are highly aromatic and have the blended flavor of marjoram, thyme, and oregano. %���� As the plant can be treated with pesticides during commercial production, three different methods for pesticide multiresidue analysis of this plant have been evaluated. In this article we report the traditional medicinal uses of eleven Lamiaceae species: Coridothymus capitatus L., Lavandula stoechas L., Lavandula angustifolia Mill., Mentha spicata L. subsp. Externally, it is used to treat muscular pain, bronchial complaints, arthritis, sprains and stiff joints[238]. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Oval grey/green, slightly hairy leaves that have a strong flavour. Medicinal The aerial parts of the plant have been shown to have a moderately strong inhibitory effect on the production of pancreatic lipase, thus helping to lower lipid levels in the body. It is a very important plant as far as its economic use is concerned. Ajna Fern x��=�r�8���?��n;,�8�=�{�w�����އr�,iFR�K�=�?ڿ�L� �W8T�"�D"��ȋ���/�?����W߽^u�����W�ߞ>�-�Ű��_ˤ`Ê��ѕd};������ovw�~�z��ϧOV߼y�ZE�����������ջ�O� ��z�Z�Dۉ�;�׭����O���^5��z���'߼+��t��T�O�V� xR�Wb -Q���j�yK��{���WO�ОᐾAO�z��rH��@�������b�"�U�N��h�۾_�¥d��+�_4�!+�Տ-Z����ߚ��7��/�ҭۆ��ΥU쏅���,���` ������%ޯgP�GCA��@��I�R��w�_פ�AF�\�G�̰|��4���2�+ñ0# +�/`F��r�B�;"�A� <> To get around this they sometimes chose names from their local floras to make the plants seem familiar to their readers. Overharvesting, urbanization pressure, and uncontrolled forest fires threaten O. syriacum growing wild. ... Origanum syriacum L, Origanum vulgare L, and Salvia triloba L was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. We hypothesized that some of the commonly used spices with reported antimicrobial activity might have antiproliferative activity. The chemical compositions of the essential oil compounds of 117 individual plants belonging to 11 Syrian populations of Origanum syriacum L. (Lamiaceae) were studied by GC-FID and GC-MS. Origanum syriacum Middle East Oregano, Za'attar A family run herb farm with over 30 years’ experience in growing and using medicinal and culinary herb plants and seeds. The antiproliferative activities of … ... Conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants in arid and semi-arid ecosystems project. Very rarely ethnobotanical information may help concerning the medicinal Biblical plants. This species is highly used in Lebanese traditional medicine and is a staple food in Lebanese gastronomy. This is a spicy smelling and tasting oregano-like herb that is the keystone herb in the condiment “Zaatar or Zaatari,” which is used quite frequently by people living in the Middle East. An exception is the use of Origanum syriacum by the Samaritans in exactly the same manner as in Biblical times [28:71-2]. Origanum syriacum, known as “zaatar” or “zoubaa” in Lebanon, is one of the most popular herbs used in traditional Lebanese medicine and largely used in the famous Lebanese pizza “mankouchi”.It is an aromatic plant species belonging to the Lamiaceae family. Translators of the Bible, such as the King James Version (1611), were unfamiliar with the original Hebrew and knew little of the flora of the Holy Land. However, in recent years there has been a move to cultivate the plant due to increasing demand and a severe reduction in natural populations. The leaves, dried herbs, and volatile oil of Origanum have been used in folk medicine for centuries. stream Edible Uses: Condiment The leaves and flowering tops are used as a seasoning, having a flavour reminiscent of a blend of thyme, marjoram and oregano[183]. Marjoram is often used medicinally in the form of the essential oil, about 400 grams being obtained from 70 kilos of the fresh herb[4]. condensata, Origanum syriacum L., Rosmarinus officinalis, Salvia fruticosa Miller., Satureja cuneifolia Ten., Satureja thymbra L., Thymbra spicata L., and Vitex agnus-castus L. and study the chemical composition and … Grows to 24 inches. <> In three populations … The composition was dominated by carvacrol and/or thymol with a high degree of polymorphism in the occurrence of these two compounds between the different populations. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. 1 0 obj This is a spicy smelling and tasting oregano-like herb that is the keystone herb in the condiment “Zaatar or Zaatari,” which is used quite frequently by people living in the Middle East. Oregano za’atar contains carvacrol a terpenoid similar to thymol that acts to inhibit … Start indoors in the north. Latin name: Origanum syriacum Family: Labiatae Edible parts of Bible Hyssop: The leaves and flowering tops are used as a seasoning, having a flavour reminiscent of a blend of thyme, marjoram and oregano. Origanum syriacum is harvested in the wild for use in preparing za'atar, a mixture of dried herbs, sesame and sumac for flavoring and garnish. Most of the plants in the Bible are only mentioned in passing, with reference to medicinal use occurring even less. Similar to L. dentata , O. syriacum has antioxidant, antimicrobial, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and antispasmodic properties [ 39 , 40 ]. Find out how to use oregano, and who should avoid it. A few archaeological studies illuminate the use of medicinal plants in the Holy Land in Biblical times and even earlier. Genus Origanumis important medicinally as it has antimicrobial, antifungal, antioxidant, antibacterial, antithrombin, antimutagenic, angiogenic, antiparasetic and antihyperglycaemic activities. This oregano relative is native to the Mediterranean and has been used for centuries as a culinary and medicinal herb. salt, all blended in olive oil and used as a spread, like a nut butter. 50 seeds PLANTING Origanum syriacum Tender perennial: Zone 9-11 Germination: 7-14 … The dried herb is sometimes mixed with sumac (from Rhus species) to form the spice blend known as "zatar", this is used along with olive oil as a topping for breads. endobj ��̡@����rRd�������s�У�-$A|�Z�gs�B��ZVZ��� ����aל��bG��D�VĬh�. A herb tea is made from the dried leaves and flowering stems. Clusters of white knotted flowers. 4 0 obj Due to the over-harvesting, this species has become a cultivated crop rather than being collected from the wild. Richard Morris. Family: Lamiaceae. These include Lippia graveolens, L. palmeri and Origanum syriacum. Origanum also has a highly developed cu… Ken Fern, Hyssop is a wild aromatic herb similar to oregano, which was thrown into the fire when the red heifer was offered as a burnt sacrifice during Temple times. For this reason it is now being cultivated … The essential oils of Origanum vulgare L. ssp. Past supply of this herb has been mostly from wild or natural populations. Origanum syriacum is commonly called Syrian oregano, Lebanese oregano or simply, Zaatar or Za’atar (pronounced ZAH-tur with a glottal stop after the first syllable). %PDF-1.5 endobj Origanum is used widely in the Lebanese cuisine, raw or cooked, and is commonly found in Lebanese stores and homes. 5. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Genus: Origanum. Origanum syriacum (O. syriacum) is a very popular edible and medicinal plant in the East Mediterranean countries.The aims of the current study were to use microwave-ultrasonic assisted hydrodistillation (MUAHD) method to produce essential oils (EOs) from wild O. syriacum samples collected from four different geographical areas in The West Bank using water as a solvent, determine … Origanum syriacum . GC–MS showed that carvacrol was the essential oil (EO) major component. Origanum syriacum is a medicinal plant widely used in Jordan both as a folk remedy and in the food and beverage industry. It is in flower from June to August. <>>> Zaatar is a Middle Eastern perennial that is used as a sort of condiment, generally mixed with other herbs and spices, such as sesame seeds, black cumin, fennel, onions, and. The antiproliferative activities of … Origanum syriacum is thought to be the true Hyssop of the herb contains -! 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