Once the branches have set in their new shape, carefully remove the wire with wire cutters so as to not damage the tree. If you’d like to see strong growth you can apply some higher nitrogen levels in the spring. They say that bonsai isn’t just a plant, it’s a way of life. Trees in his collection go far beyond the common spruce and juniper bonsai sold at typical nurseries. You can usually find good raw material for Bonsai there. Juniper bonsai appreciate regular feeding during the spring and fall months to promote strong growth. Winter is the time when, after lavishing care and attention on plants, you can finally reap … Some species change their foliage color during frosty periods to a purplish brown which is a part of their internal frost protection mechanism. Juniper Bonsai Trees These Dwarf Junipers from Japan are the most popular evergreen in the U.S. They make perfect beginner bonsai trees for inexperienced growers as they are forgiving, easily shaped, and well-suited to bonsai growing techniques. The Japanese Shimpaku is actually a variety of Chinese Juniper which was originally found in the mountains of Japan. Identifying which type of juniper bonsai you have will help to determine how to care for it properly. For more detailed information on these techniques, take a look at our Bonsai tree care section. An infected juniper normally cannot be cured. All parts of the Savin are poisonous. General Information: The Shimpaku Juniper is native to Japan, the Kurile Island and the Sahalin Peninsula. There are two main categories of juniper trees - trees with scale-like foliage and trees with needle-like foliage. Because the small pots contain a limited amount of soil, adequately watering and fertilizing a juniper bonsai is critical to its health. When the foliage pads become too dense they must be thinned out with sharp scissors at the base. Dramatically twisted shapes are very popular and correspond with the natural shapes that used to grow in the Japanese mountains. It came in a small pot at first you can see from the picture. As with most bonsai, juniper bonsai require regular watering in order to keep the soil consistently moist. There are some Juniper bonsai over The visibly infested branches die in most cases and the fungus can emerge on other tree parts. The foliage color can range from steely-blue-greens to light greens, occasionally with silver or gold hues. Growing a juniper as a bonsai is comparatively easier, when compared to other types. Junipers have a naturally compact growth habit which makes them well-suited to bonsai growing techniques, and relatively young juniper bonsai can look well-established without much effort. ProFlowers Merchandising Product Designer Nikki Kinowski says, “Our juniper bonsai (outdoor option) and our golden gate ficus (indoor option) are the most forgiving options for beginners.” It prefers rocky, well-drained soils. The Rocky Mountain Juniper grows in western North-America and can become a tall tree. Junipers can be bent aggressively, but be sure to wrap branches with raffia or tape for protection. Depending on the species they can measure from 1/8" to 1" (0,3 - 2cm), and it usually takes a year or two to ripen. They are evergreen coniferous trees or shrubs, which are very popular for Bonsai. Use caution when bending areas with deadwood as those parts do break easily. Junipers are also one of the easiest forms of bonsai to take care of. The soil color lightens as it drys and the surface feels dry … Basics on How to Grow a Juniper Bonsai Tree. Junipers are also great for jin and shari, or deadwood. Many of these species of Junipers do very well for bonsai due a variety of factors including foliage sizes and shape, drought tolerance, trunk resiliency, and root strength. During the winter protect the tree once temperatures drop below 15 °F (-10 °C). Always leave some foliage on the branches to ensure ongoing growth. Bonsai Tree Care: A Quick Guide. It is best to wire a juniper bonsai throughout the winter months when the tree is dormant. Its needles are sharp but smaller and more delicate than those of the Japanese Needle Juniper. As a rule of thumb, the blue-green junipers are more resistant than those with yellowish-green foliage. 2. When we think of a traditional bonsai and what it should look like, we think of a "Juniper Procumbens Nana." Misting the tree can be done regularly, especially after the tree has been repotted because it benefits from air humidity. They can be found at most garden centers or plant stores, or online from speciality bonsai retailers. Juniper’s also like lots of light, and this can be difficult to achieve indoors. The triad of green foliage, reddish-brown or yellowish-brown bark, and silvery-white deadwood is very appealing. Other popular species include the Chinese juniper (Juniperus Chinensis,) the Japanese Shimpaku (Juniperus sargentii,) the Japanese needle juniper (Juniperus rigida,) two central European species: The savin (Juniperus sabina,) and the common juniper (Juniperus communis.) Some people have a different opinion, but it’s best to burn rust-infested juniper immediately or put it into the garbage instead of your compost heap. Pruning: To develop the foliage pads, long shoots that stick out of the silhouette can be pinched or cut at the base with sharp scissors throughout the growing season. There are also popular juniper species with needle-like foliage. This is what makes the juniper bonsai variety the easiest to grow and maintain. Make sure that you use a soil that has a large percentage of arrogates that allow the water to flow quickly. Both have scale-like foliage with color ranging from yellowish-green to bluish-green or silver-green. In its natural range, it is most often found growing near the sea. Unlike other bonsai trees, the Chinese Juniper doesn’t like being pruned, in … Here you’ll find elm, hornbeam, larch, … The Juniper cannot live indoors. The foliage is needle-like on young trees and scale-like on older trees. Join our Bonsai forum to ask your questions. All of which have very similar care guidelines. by Benjamin Lee Janssen (Upstate New York, United States) I got my Juniper Bonsai tree about 2 weeks ago. Wiring: Junipers produced for Bonsai are often heavily wired when they are very young. Don’t worry they will turn green again in spring. They make perfect beginner bonsai trees for inexperienced growers as they are forgiving, easily shaped, and well-suited to bonsai growing techniques. Do not trim the juniper like a hedge because the removal of all growing tips will weaken the tree and the cut will turn the needles brown. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Juniper species, like Chinese juniper, Japanese garden junipers, green mound, sargent’s needle, and shimpaku, are grown extensively as bonsai trees. However, cut back on fertilizing during the summer months to give the tree a break. Chinese Juniper (Juniperus Chinensis) It’s a small bonsai that can withstand climate change. However, during the winter, you need to be extra careful. Use slow-release organic fertilizer once a month during the growing season, or a liquid fertilizer every week when watering. The Juniper Bonsai trees that can be found in large stores, like Walmart and Home Depot, are often Japanese Garden Junipers, also known as Green Mound Junipers (Juniperus procumbens nana.) While the pear trees in most cases are not fatally affected – they are newly infected each year, and they can even be treated successfully with a fungicide. Just follow our tips on how to care for a bonsai tree and soon you’ll be on your way to becoming a true bonsai pro! Junipers can have two types of foliage, needle-like, and scale-like foliage. Juniper bonsai require bright, direct sunlight for the majority of the day. This plant grows as a ground covering shrub if it is not shaped. There are many other juniper varieties, as well. The American Bonsai Society recommends letting the soil dry slightly before watering your juniper, but cautions against allowing it to dry completely. However, they cannot tolerate being waterlogged. As a guide, around Thanksgiving Day it is time to prepare your Bonsai for its winter dormancy period … Juniper trees can withstand aggressive pruning well but keep in mind that they cannot bud again from any bare tree parts. So, to take care of a Juniper bonsai you should: Water it between two and three times per week before the soil completely dries out. Juniper Bonsai Soil and Fertilization. If you have specific questions please email us at info@BonsaiNW.com.You can also see our Calendar of classes and events.. We have the largest selection of quality Bonsai pots, tools, and supplies available. In late summer brownish proliferations grow from the bottom-sides of the leaves which release spores that infest junipers. Young trees can be repotted every two years at the most, and older trees can go as long as five years without being repotted. The Japanese Garden Juniper (Juniperus procumbens ‘nana’) is the most popular and recognizable bonsai in the United States, with good reason. Juniper bonsai care Juniper Bonsai are characterized by a great hardiness and longevity. If they are large and old, you can split the deadwood to bend the more flexible living parts. During winter the junipers must be kept in a place with enough light and they must be checked for pests regularly even in winter. Cori is a freelance writer based out of Ontario, Canada, who specializes in houseplants and houseplant care. The rust fungus infests the junipers permanently and cannot be cured. Generally, juniper bonsai trees are easy to care for and thrive on neglect. The bonsai is a delightful and fun plant to have around the home or office. The two most popular juniper species for bonsai with scale-like foliage are the Chinese Juniper and the Japanese Shimpaku. A bonsai plant requires frequent watering. Juniper Bonsai Tree Care. In nature, it grows as a small tree or shrub. And that is why this variety is most preferred worldwide. There are numerous varieties of Chinese Juniper, many of which difficult to distinguish with certainty, but the care guidelines for these varieties are very similar. Juniper Bonsai Tree Care Guide There are over 50 different types of species of Junipers or Juniperus. Juniper species have different levels of susceptibility to rust fungus. Our web site is checked and updated daily. Continue reading about pruning Bonsai trees. They prefer to be fully exposed to the sun, and they also need well-drained soil in order to thrive. The juniper bonsai tree has long been recognized as one of the most popular trees for bonsai. The Juniper Bonsai is generally a strong tree that also withstands aggressive pruning very well. Healthy juniper trees are quite resistant to pests and diseases, however, it is a good idea to keep an eye out for several common juniper pests/diseases. Shimpaku Juniper Bonsai Care. Bonsai trees require regular care and maintenance. Welcome to Bonsai Northwest!. Junipers can live a very long time. Juniper species prefer a well draining soil that will allow airflow to the roots. The foliage pads should be wired and fanned out after thinning, to let light and air get in, otherwise, the inner parts of the foliage pads will die, and dense pads also increase the risk of pest infestation. Now that you know where to place your tree, we will give you some general care guidelines to keep your outdoor juniper alive! Fungal rust diseases are a big problem. Generally, juniper bonsai trees are easy to care for and thrive on neglect. Juniper Bonsai Most of the 60 species of junipers (Jumiperus spp.) The California Juniper is native to California and has bluish-grey scale-like foliage. Old junipers can be found in gardens, concrete pots, and on cemeteries, with old graves that will be cleared, and if you are lucky the owner will allow you to dig one out for little money or a new plant. If you water your Juniper bonsai and see water pooling at the surface, the soil drainage is not sufficient. If vigorous growth is desired, a nitrogen-rich fertilizer is recommended - but only in the spring months. They will grow resistant against pests. Some trees will survive just fine indoors with some grow lights, but juniper’s aren’t that kind of species. Use a commercially available bonsai soil mix for juniper trees for the best results. Junipers simply cannot survive for any extended period of time indoors, even if you provide them a bright windowsill. For more details, see our, How to Grow and Care for Alligator Juniper, How to Care for and Maintain a Bonsai Tree. Find species-specific information on your tree. Juniper bonsai trees can take care of themselves, but they are not exempted from extremely cold temperatures during winter, late-season frost, reflective heat emitted by buildings, excessively wet soil, rock mulch, shade, poor or excessive drainage, competition from other shrubs and trees, and also soil disturbance, causing harm and damage to your Juniper bonsai trees. Pruning and training are the most important aspects of juniper bonsai care. Bonsai is the ancient Japanese art form of growing ornamental miniature or artificially dwarfed trees in containers using cultivation techniques to mimic the shape and scale of full-sized trees. In general, bonsai trees do not need to be repotted very often, including the juniper varieties. The Sierra Juniper is a shrub or tree native to the western United States. 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