Instead, look for plants that are grown in nurseries and ready to be planted the right way. Lilies, Carnations, Roses, Daisies, Tulips, Orchids, Mums, Larkspur, Daffodils and many more! Prevent certain chronic illnesses, in part because it helps fight free radicals, prevents cellular mutations, and protects you against numerous illnesses caused by these free radicals. 43 5 47. To offer personalized advertising content. Examples: Happy Face and Starlet. The outer flowers or florets are also edible and can be added to salads, but not the plants that have a bitter taste. The petals of these types of chrysanthemum either curve inward or outward, hence the name. or. The chrysanthemum breeders . The Lone Star is an example of an exotic plant, and it grows at least 6 inches high. Chrysanthemums are more than just a pretty face. Recent Post by Page. Spider blooms can also have petals that hook or coil at the tips. 1-877-277-4787: Prefer to call and speak to a floral agent? It is believed that it can be used to protect other plants from the attacks of caterpillars or worms because it excretes secrete repellent productos through its roots. 1. Help alleviate dryness and itchiness in the eyes. Next, we show a list to operate with the main current browsers: It is recalled that you can review at any time the preferences regarding the acceptance or not of cookies on this site by clicking on "More information" in the acceptance message or by clicking on "Cookies Policy" present at all times on all pages of the website. It grows in fields as a weed. Detoxify your liver, making you healthier overall, as well as lower your cholesterol numbers. THIRD ANNUAL SHOW. The flower is milky white and grain is clear. The Chinese traditional chrysanthemum is a notable group of chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum×morifolium Ramat.) Chrysanthemum definition is - any of various composite plants (genus Chrysanthemum) including weeds, ornamentals grown for their brightly colored often double flower heads, and others important as sources of medicinals and insecticides. Propagation of chrysanthemum is mainly done through root suckers and terminal stem cutting method. Mentioned below are the benefits of chrysanthemum tea: 5-9 (some varieties to zone 4). AUCKLAND CHRYSANTHEMUM SOCIETY. You can use chrysanth as the centerpiece and wedding bouquets. The simple form is the most common. Metaphysical Properties of Chrysanthemum. or. Christopher Trunk, Grafton, OH, Zone 6a. Chrysanthemum flowers bloom in a range of colors in shades of white, yellow, orange, lavender, purple, or red; as well as bicolor flowers. Climate: Cool climate with day temperature of 18-24 0 C and night temperature of 10-15 0 C; relative humidity of 70 -75 %. They can filter out There have been many who proved how useful the benefits of flowers. Create New Account. Notified in 1986 by CSC on CSN & RV. There are many different techniques for clearing your crystals. Technical cookie. double or more complex flowering structures that resemble balls or pompoms. Reply ; Christopher Trunk on April 19th 2016. Yellow Sizzle: Colored in yellow and dark orange. It can reach up to 1.5 m in height. These flowers have a central disk with petals surrounding themselves around that disk, with the exception that these petals are tubular in shape and create a cushioned appearance. Flower Varieties - Some Flower varieties and their descriptions. The stems and the tender young shoots can be used as a vegetable. Daisy mum: Usually multi-colored and look like daisies. See more of Chrysanthemum Wealth on Facebook. Cymbidium (Orchids) The most highly coveted of ornamental plants, the delicate, exotic and graceful orchid represents love, luxury, beauty, and strength. Technical cookie. Examples include Chiffon, Valour and Ruby Mound. The chrysanthemums known as intermediate curve mums have a small, fluffy-looking flower, while the St. Tropez – a French variety – has bright red petals and bronze-colored tips. At present, there is a serious controversy regarding homonyms and synonyms within this group. The main difference is that the centers are a little larger than they are in daisies, and their petals are spaced equally all around them. Stay on the safe side and avoid use. 420 450 44. The Moonbeam variety can grow up to 2 or 3 feet in height. Jul 24, 2020 - Asteraceae, Aster, Compositae, Coreopsis,Cosmos, Coneflower,Chrysanthemums, Dahlia, Daisy, Echinacea, Marigolds Sunflowers and Zinnias are all part of the same family - the DAISY FAMILY (Compositae). Chrysanthemum Judith Baker and Rose Maiko. Forget to feed your mums. Get to know the 13 different types of chrystanthemums and this flower’s health benefits. The variety called Goldfield is an example of this type of chrysanthemum, and they are golden yellow in color. Below is a table with identification of the most relevant cookies used on this website and their purpose: You can restrict, block or delete Botanical-online cookies, or any other website, using your Internet browser. Create New Account. Examples: Valor, Chiffon, and Ruby Mound. They produce wide masses of blooms that are medium in size. As the name suggests, these are mums that do not fit neatly in any other category. To establish levels of protection for users against cyber attacks. 198 129 25. Chrysanthemums have a wealth of meaning associated with them and therefore they are very popular as florist flowers. Log In. Many other colours are associated with friendship, wealth, peace, and optimism. But there's less care involved than you may think and they offer many positive attributes to gardens. Chrysanthemum blooms come in a huge variety of shapes and sizes and in a wide range of colors. Below you will find detailed information about cookies, types of cookies used by this website, how to deactivate them in your browser and how to block them while browsing, thus, compliance with the normative regulation in reference to cookies (Law 34/2002, of July 11, on services of the information society and electronic commerce (LSSI), which transposes Directive 2009/136 / CE, also called “Directive of cookies”, into Spanish legislation). Generated by Google services (for example reCaptcha, Youtube, search. Producing the tea in a closed pot or pan allows you to preserve the essential oil that results. 254 334 45. This year is the twelfth year. Tea: Especially in China, the white and yellow flowers of chrysanthemum varieties are boiled in water to make a tea. The variety called Goldfield is an example of this type of chrysanthemum, and they are golden yellow in color. In 2014, there were already about 27,000 varieties of the chrysanthemums flower. Cookies to integrate the YouTube video service on the website. It is also good for relieving dizziness, migraines, gummy eyes, painful gums, slight toothache and headaches. "It's takes over seven months to grow but the flower lasts only a month. This chrysanthemum tea is considered an excellent herbal remedy. Technical cookie. 78 66 26. Dendranthema grandiflorum are perennial plants often grown as annuals. Some have cushions that are flat and have no petals that curve inward. Like other herbs and natural remedies, no one should consume chrysanthemum tea without first speaking to a qualified physician, especially if you already take prescriptions or have any medical conditions. As a species, chrysanthemum displays a wealth of morphological variation, but the genetic basis of this variability has been at best only sporadically characterized. A special feature of chrysanthemum is that it can be planted twice in a season and it is excellent as a potted plant. Chrysanthemum Cultural Significance. The Chinese believe this flower represents ease and rest, and often use it as an object of meditation; and the Japanese consider it to be a symbol for life and happiness. Thousands of cultivars have been developed which are highly suitable for commercial production of cut flowers under open as well as under green-house conditions. Forgot account? Botanical-online use cookies to store, access or process the user's personal information to carry out statistical tasks, display personalized ads or for the simple correct operation of the user's navigation. Because of the coumarins content, it is is believed that it could be harmful to humans, however it is consumed as a vegetable in China and Japan. Garden mums are characterized by their woody stems arising from a horizontal rhizome. When they grow, chrysanthemums have a bushy-like quality, and they usually grow 2-3 feet high, although some of the smaller varieties never reach a foot. All cultivated types form a very diverse group of hybrids that ranges from simple forms, such as a a big marguerite to globular forms. See more of Chrysanthemum Wealth on Facebook. Dark Weldon: A beautiful mix of soft yellow and lilac. Growing environment: Naturally ventilated aerodynamic steel frame structure. One of its varieties, Evening Glow, has petals that are rose to bronze in color, while the Symphony is lacy and bronze to yellow in color. Moreover, the current international chrysanthemum classification systems are not comprehensive enough to be … In Asian cuisine, it is known as Chop suey shungiku or sprouts. Chrysanthemum Apricot Courtier and Bronze Fleece. They are used to store and manage navigation configuration information, web analytics and ad personalization. – Indian chrysanthemum= winter aster (Chrysanthemum indicum = Dendranthema indicum) comes from Asia (China, Japan, Korea and Taiwan) where you can find it abundantly in most environments from almost sea level up to 3000 meters. For instance, tea made with chrysanthemums have no caffeine, so you won’t suffer with nervousness, anxiety, or tension. ©1999-2020 Botanical-Online SL - All rights reserved. Forget to pinch your mums. Log In. Because of its floral energy, methods relating to the Earth are particularly effective for Chrysanthemum Stones. They can also have twisted petals on them. Soil: Well drained red loamy soil with pH of 5.5 - 6.5. It also symbolizes wealth, fortune and prosperity. Since the chrysanthemum was first cultivated in China, the flower still holds deep cultural significance to this day, especially in art. Feverfew Blossom Bloom. On the other hand, the Honeyglow is a medium-sized bloom with petals that are amber in color. Indoor Air Purifier: Chrysanthemum is one of those flowers that you need indoors as they purify the air. The performance of any crop or variety largely depends on interaction between genotype and environment. Help ease digestive issues, eliminating a lot of your digestive problems and keeping you in less pain with fewer stomach problems. Mar 26, 2018 - All about chrysanthemum plant in the garden. Amaryllis. Chrysanthemum Daisy. Chrysanthemum is masculine in nature and resonates with the energy of the Sun and the element of fire. Related Images: flower nature bloom blossom flowers garden flora plant chrysanthemums chrysanthemum. See more ideas about chrysanthemum plant, chrysanthemum, plants. Emploi Tourisme - Les entreprises qui recrutent dans l'industrie du tourisme However, blooms will last longer if they are moved to a shadier spot after flower buds develop. Meanwhile, in Japan, the chrysanthemum is a symbol of the emperor and his family. Introduction of Chrysanthemum Cultivation:- Chrysanthemum is one of the most important flower crops commercially grown in different parts of the world.This flower produces more yield under greenhouse conditions. Chrysanthemum Alfredo Orange and Candid. Each one of these florets can produce a seed, similar to its plant relative, the Sunflower. Each browser has a different configuration. The flowers are steeped in boiling water for several minutes, and rock sugar or honey is often added to heighten the sweet aroma. Not Now. Help unclog arteries and improve your overall heart health. Kitam.) Focus: Bright yellow highlighted in green in the center. Chrysanthemum. of good commercial varieties. There are 2 types of cookies depending on their management: When browsing Botanical-online, own and third-party cookies will be generated. Chrysanthemum can cause skin to become extra sensitive to the sun. The petals of these types of chrysanthemum either curve inward or outward, hence the name. See more ideas about Chrysanthemum, Plants, Beautiful flowers. Cushion – Chrysanthemum varieties include hardy cushion mums, which are bushy, low-growing plants that produce masses of mid-sized blooms. Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about the person, such as credit cards, bank details, photographs, personal information, etc. This, while Pink Wooly, another variety has been brought in from Japan by Virender Sharma, the contestant who won more than 25 awards at the show. Most irregular or incurve mums grow to 6-8 inches in height. In these flowers, there are shorter petals than the irregular incurve mums, and they usually grow at least 6 inches high. Help alleviate pimples, acne, and other skin problems. Chrysanthemum tea is a tisane made from dried chrysanthemum flowers. Chrysanthemums come in a variety of different colors, each holding a different meaning: ... It’s meaning has roots in Chinese feng shui philosophy, where this gemstone is known for creating wealth. Not Now. It was an improvement in most respects on its predecessors, and showed a marked progress in the cultivation of these flowers, the exhibition and the arrangements being creditable to all concerned, more especially to the standing … With a raised cushion-like center, the Anemone mums are perfect as a disbud and grow at least 4 inches high. OTHER FLOWERS, TOO, THERE Crop of Peanuts for the Children's Delight -- … Some of the varieties include Icy Isle, which looks just like the yellow-and-white daisy, and the Fire Island, which consists of a yellow center and red petals that have yellow stripes. Chrysanthemums belong to the Asteraceae (Compositae) family, which is one of the largest families of flowering plants with over 1,000 genera and about 20,000 species. A gift of chrysanthemum flowers conveys your pure intentions, whether to a spouse, friend or business associate. Very divided and fleshy leaves. 59 54 11. The ones that incurve irregularly have large heads and irregular-shaped petals, so they look slightly inconsistent and very informal. Boost your immune system because of its high levels of Vitamin C and Vitamin A. This flower means truth and wealth. Forget to take advantage of the mums you already have in your flower bed. Red Bradford: Paprika red to deep burgundy. At Verdissimo, we want for you to be able to use these incredibly beautiful flowers to make your floral compositions and to attract happiness to your home. – Shasta Daisy, giant marguerite (Chrysanthemum maximum) It is a herbaceous plant from southern Europe up to 70 cm. In the tradition of Chinese medicine, the tisane is a “cooling” herb and is recommended for a variety of … They are good for use in sprays and are very small – no more than 2 inches high. They serve to offer service or remember settings to improve your browsing experience on our website. Good hunting! Special Precautions & Warnings: Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking chrysanthemum if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Here’s where to find them, from coast to coast. The plant needs consistent tilling and spraying," says Sharma, who reels that while the cutting of the plant costs Rs 5 each, a pot in full bloom fetches about Rs 150. Cushion – Chrysanthemum varieties include hardy cushion mums, which are bushy, low-growing plants that produce masses of mid-sized blooms. The ones that incurve irregularly have large heads and irregular-shaped petals, so they look slightly inconsistent and very informal. Growing pom pom chrysanthemums flower white and others colours in your garden can be the best idea ever. Season It can be cultivated throughout the year as it is grown under controlled conditions. Because chrysanthemums represent the sun – especially the ones with golden yellow color flowers – they bring into your home the energy similar to the happy, life-giving energy brought by the sun. Similarly, the early varieties of chrysanthemum include Vijay, Vijay Kiran and NBRI-Kaul, mainly the flowering season is month of October. Used as an insect repellent. Chrysanthemum Cultivation (Shevanti) Guide: Chrysanthemum Cultivation. Large flowers, till 10 cm wide with a yellow center and white florets. Exposure: They prefer full sunlight during the growing season. Examples: Muted Sunshine and Matchsticks. 2,165 Free images of Chrysanthemum. A B S T R A C T The height of nine chrysanthemum genotypes (Chrysanthemum x grandiflorum (Ramat.) It is reported, however, that the quality of the operation of the services may be affected. A red chrysanthemum conveys love Pompons are perfect for use in sprays. or. In fact, some of the petals can look somewhat like a spoon because of this cupped edge. Quilled blooms are open-tipped, have no open center, and varieties such as the Toffee grow 6 or more inches in height. This is a great indoor plant to have because it requires very little care and only needs moderate lighting. – Corn marigold (Chrysanthemum segetum) It is an annual herb from the eastern Mediterranean and northern Africa. Plant mums that were placed in a pot and given to you as a gift. There are 40 wild species and thousands of varieties of chrysanthemums. Recent Post by Page. To collect anonymous statistical information to improve quality. Season It can be cultivated throughout the year as it is grown under controlled conditions. Varietal Wealth of Gerbera: Gerbera is very rich in its varietal wealth due to ease in hybridization and survival of seedlings. Photo courtesy of the organizer Since 2009, Beijing has held a city-wide chrysanthemum cultural festival every year. Feb 22, 2016 - Explore amy's board "Chrysanthemums (Mums ) Charms", followed by 297 people on Pinterest. It’s usually sold in flower shops and used for making branches in the feast of All Saints. Display or collection of the table of contents. Arka Mohini. Anemone – Anemone mums display a raised center surrounded by shorter, darker petals that contrast with the radiating daisy-like petals. Chrysanthemum Blossom. If you plant mums in the spring like you do your other perennials, the wait will be well worth it once they start to bloom. It is useful as a garden plant and as a plant to grow potted in balconies. Chrysanthemum Wealth. It stands out for its aroma. Botanic Garden of Smith College, Fall Chrysanthemum Show, Northampton, Massachusetts November 5 to 20, 2016, You can get more information on DoubleClick. 13 Different Types of Chrysanthemums (Plus Planting Tips and Health Benefits), The Many Health Benefits of Chrysanthemums. For thousands of years it has been used in Asia. Chrysanthemum blooms come in a huge variety of shapes and sizes and in a wide range of colors. Other major late-blooming varieties of chrysanthemum include CSIR-75, Ashakaran, Pooja, Vasantika, Maghi White, Gauri and Gulal, the flowering season is … was studied in in vitro and in vivo conditions. Examples: Baby Tears and Small Wonder. Chrysanthemum With a history that dates back to 15th century B.C., chrysanthemum mythology is filled with a multitude of stories and symbolism. Log In. Toxic to fish and insects, less harmful to mammals. It’s a Potent Vitamin and Mineral Boost. One example is the Lakeside, which grows 1-4 inches high. Acceptance of the section notice (language according to the visitor's browser). Related to the advertising displayed on the website. These include being anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, demulcent, febrifuge, hepatic, aromatic, refrigerant, and hypotensive. Drinking a tea made with the flowers of the chrysanthemum plant offers relief for a variety of ailments, including: Simply place a fair amount of the flowers in a closed vessel filled with hot water and let it steep for approximately 10 minutes. They allow the creation and collection of session data, such as: number of visits, page views, sections visited, session duration, reference sources, searches carried out, the number of new users, the frequency and recurrence of visits, interest in products or services, the pages visited, the browser and the operator or type of terminal from which the visit is made. Advertisement. Solitary flowers resembling those of daisies, completely yellow or part of them white. –Tricolor chrysanthemum = Tricolor daisy (Chrysanthemum carinatum= Chrysanthemum tricolor). Generates random alphanumeric data to protect the website by detecting and mitigating malicious activities. Yesterday at 4:58 AM ⚙ လူကြီးမင်းတို့ စက်ယန္တရားကြီးများရဲ့ Bucket များ အမှန်တ� This is because when mums are in containers, their roots aren’t as protected as they should be, which means you should treat them as annuals and re-plant them the following year. Some of the helpful ingredients found in mums include calcium, beta-carotene, magnesium, potassium, ascorbic acid, essential oils, fiber, iron, Vitamin C, riboflavin, niacin, and folacin. Botanical-online, like most other websites on the Internet, uses its own and third-party cookies to improve the user experience and to offer an accessible and adapted browsing. Eaten raw in salads have a very strong flavor. Technical cookie. Improvement over IIHR-214-1 (Golden Calwonder) followed by mass selection. "The new varieties invite a lot of curious glances," he says. You can withdraw your consent or cancel the data processing at any time by clicking on "More information" or visiting our Cookie Policy. A more formal type consists of regular incurves, and these flowers are more uniform-looking and more formal. Examples: Daybreak and Mansetta Sunset. Examples: Daisy, Tenderness, and Amber Morning. Chrysanthemum is very rich in varietal wealth and every year there is an addition of new varieties. They are established by a different domain than ours. Chrysanthemums are: The November birth flower ; The 13 th wedding anniversary flower; The official flower of Chicago and Salinas, CA; A popular … These mums are quite bushy and grow low to the ground. Garden mums are characterized by their woody stems arising from a horizontal … Soil: Well drained red loamy soil with pH of 5.5 - 6.5. At any time it is possible to access the browser settings to modify and / or block the installation of cookies sent, without preventing access to the content. In addition to the traditional yellow, other popular colors are white, purple, and red. Supplied to you as young plants; all cuttings are grown to order using the latest plug technology which ensures sturdy, robust and well-rooted young plants. The money tree is one of the popular Feng Shui plants to have in your home that is known to attract wealth. Detailed info about WEALTH CHRYSANTHEMUM & CLASSIC WOODEN FRAME. . When used in herbal medicine, dried yellow or white chrysanthemum flowers are boiled to make a sweet herbal tea or tonic. Chrysanthemum wealth company was established on August 2010.Main Business type is Remanufacturing of exchange engines and power train components, spare part distribution for heavy machinery market and machine trade in service for recondition sector and one of under UMG company. Rejuvenate the brain and alert the senses. Some varieties are white in color. Expect them to be sturdy and healthy if they are planted in containers. They are managed by us. The variety called Moira is mauve and lavender in color. Not enough sunlight will result in a weaker plant that produces fewer flower heads. Plant size is more stocky (about 60 cm high and 30 wide. One example of the intermediate incurve mum is called the Bob Dear, which is bright yellow in color and quite stunning. Erect stems with toothed leaves above. The third annual show of the Auckland Chrysanthemum Society was opened yesterday, in the Choral Hall. The varieties can differ in size, colours and number of flowers per stem. The petals are very narrow and some of them cup up at the tip. Capsicum - Arka Mohini . Chrysanthemum stone, sometimes called "flower stone," is a stone "flower" produced millions of years ago due to geological movement and natural formation in the rock. More information on chrysanthemums in the listing above. In this section you will find information about cookies that can be generated using this web service. When the chrysanthemum made its way to Japan around the eighth century AD, its reputation flourished much like it did in China. With over 150 cultivars to choose from, you'll find all of our individual chrysanthemum varieties listed here alphabetically. The variety was released in 1984 by State Varietal Release Committee and in 1986 by AICRP (VC) workshop for national level. Cookies are text files that browsers or devices generate when visiting Internet websites. Chrysanthemum blooms are composed of many individual flowers (florets), each one capable of producing a seed. A more formal … In this case, the benefits of Chrysanthemum Flower for health can not be hidden anymore. Just like most other types of flowers, red Chrysanthemums are a symbol of love. Chrysanthemum symbolism. There are various kinds of Chrysanthemums and, depending on the variety you choose, they are available during different periods of the year. It can be a great wish for a wedding. CHRYSANTHEMUM SHOW A WEALTH OF COLOR; Some 150 Varieties in the Central Park Exhibit. In addition to the traditional yellow, other popular colors are white, purple, and red. Chrysanthemum stones give off high levels of energy, and they need to be cleared and charged to function properly. Mums love to eat, so feed, feed, feed! Le chrysanthème (Chrysanthemum) aussi appelé marguerite des morts, est souvent associé à la Toussaint et au fleurissement des tombes.Cependant, il commence à redorer son blason : de plus en plus de villes fleurissent leurs parterres et balcons avec des variétés de chrysanthèmes multicolores rappelant toute la gamme des tons automnaux ! We cannot access the data stored in the cookies of other websites when you browse the aforementioned websites. Exposure: They prefer full sunlight during the growing season. Full growing instructions are sent with all orders. The computer or device does not provide references that reveal personal data. In terminal cutting method, cutting of healthy plant is done in the 4-5cm above in the month of middle-April-end-June. The stored data are technical and, in no case, personal information to identify the navigator. Although there are no known side effects even for people taking other treatments, it is safer all around to check everything out with a medical professional before drinking chrysanthemum tea or taking the capsules. Climate: Cool climate with day temperature of 18-24 0 C and night temperature of 10-15 0 C; relative humidity of 70 -75 %. These chrysanthemums have flat centers and over-lapping petals that curve downward. These tools never obtain your personal data such as data about your name or surnames, or the postal address from where you connect, or credit card, among others. Symbols of wealth, fidelity and truth, chrysanthemums have been grown in Chinese gardens for more than 2,000 years. Flower Chrysanthemum. In suckers, stem is cut just above the ground. They are also fried, served with vinegar in salads, or in soups. The emperor adopted a single chrysanthemum as his crest and official seal. It is widely used to make plant beds and as cut flower. Among the American breedera, Elmer Smith of Adrian, Niehigan, was the man moat reapcmaible for the com­ mercial suGoasB of the large«flowered chrysanthemum in the United States. Related to the analytical or statistical function of the site traffic. Chrysanthemum is very rich in varietal wealth and every year there is an addition of new varieties. This material is for informational purposes only. Help you feel better without the nasty side effects that other medicines may have, particularly prescription medications. "Botanical" is not responsible for damages caused by self-medication. Chrysanthemum White. It ameliorates negative mindsets and strengthens one's character while enhancing compatibility with others and the renewal of relationships. Popular throughout East Asia, chrysanthemum tea is usually served with a meal. 4 have worked aa individtials or in conjunotion with commercial nuraeriea that alao have engaged in the production of new varieties. Flowers appear in spring or summer. Chrysanthemum indicum Chrysanthemum [or Tanacetum] cinerariaefolium – Pyrethrum. Light green leaves deeply divided with lobes reaching the midrib. A study conducted by NASA revealed that chrysanthemums also help reduce air pollution. Chrysanthemum Flowers. The data they keep is of a technical nature. These are almost identical to the semi-double mums, except the petals look like spoons at the tip of the petal. The Chrysanthemum Stone is known for integrating change and harmony, and lending the knowledge of how the two work together to help one "bloom" and progress on the path to the perfect Self. You can read more information in the Privacy Policy. Create New Account. The Pompons start out flat but turn quite round when they mature, and the blooms can be 4 inches wide. The chrysanthemum seems to have fallen out of fashion in modern gardens. The performance The performance of any crop or variety largely depends on interaction between genotype and environment.