P. amboinicus occurs at low altitudes; in Mesoamerica the species grows from 0 to 800 m and in Bolivia it has been recorded at 0-500 m (Roux, 2003; Bolivia Checklist, 2014; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014). http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Bolivia Checklist, 2014. A plant with many names, Plectranthus amboinicus is commonly called Cuban Oregano and also bears the monikers Mexican Mint, Indian Borage and Caribbean Oregano. ed. Bird common names are highly regulated. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. Leaf blade is fleshy, broadly ovate to circular, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014. Leaves are fleshy, broadly ovate, 4 to 9 centimeters long, often heart-shaped, and somewhat hairy, with rounded toothed margins, with the tip and base decurrent. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. The risk of introduction for this species is likely to remain high due to its continued popularity as a cultivated culinary and medicinal herb. Cape Town, South Africa: South African National Biodiversity Institute, Compton Herbarium. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. P. amboinicus is an aromatic herb listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012) as “cultivation escape, environmental weed, naturalised, weed” and is known to be invasive outside of its native range including Cuba (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012) and the Pacific Islands (PIER, 2014). http://www.nhbs.com/title/79635/flore-de-madagascar-et-des-comores-fam-175. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. - Labiatae [Lamiaceae]. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Meyer JY, 2000. Manila, Philippines: Bureau of Printing. Sepal cup is bell-shaped, 1.5-4 mm long. Plants in the Plectranthus genus are closely related to mint as they are part of the same family—the Lamiaceae family. can also be used to flavour meat dishes, especially beef, lamb and game. National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. (Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. International Common Names. The origin of P. amboinicus is unknown, but it may be native to Africa and possibly India (Wagner and Lorence, 2014). Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. ... Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – … Coleus aromaticus (Roxb.) Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. – Mexican mint. With common names that include Mexican mint, Spanish thyme, and Indian borage, Cuban oregano leaves many gardeners wondering exactly what it is when they encounter it at a garden center. Synonyms. Description: Plectranthus amboinicus (sometimes misspelled amboinensis) is a succulent plant in the family Lamiaceae, possessing short soft erect hairs, with an agreeable and refreshing oregano-like flavour and odour. Finely chopped, they Fruit nutlets smooth, pale brown, ca. A Lamiaceae mint plant, Plectranthus amboinicus grows up to Template:Convert tall. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. View other plants in this family QR code link View other plants in this genus Its name derives from the Greek words ‘plectron’, meaning ‘spur’, and ‘anthos’, meaning ‘flower’, in reference to the spur-shaped flowers of some members of the genus (Stearn, 1992). Its most popular latin name is Plectranthus amboinicus, but this name is also used commonly, mistakenly for closely related species Plectranthus tomentosa, Plectrantus cremnus and their many hybrids. Plectranthus amboinicus, once recognized as Coleus amboinicus, is a semi-succulent perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae which includes common herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, sage, rosemary, and thyme with a pungent oregano-like flavor and odor. velvety spikes, 10-20 cm long. The PLANTS Database. Famille 175. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Randall RP, 2012. PIER, 2014. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants [reprint]. P. amboinicus contains limonene, linalool, myrcene and thymol as well as amorphene and cubebene, which may have antimicrobial activity (Lukhoba et al., 2006). A Global Compendium of Weeds. Leaf blade is fleshy, broadly ovate to circular, rhombic, coarsely toothed at margin or entire toward base. World Checklist of Lamiaceae., Richmond, London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. P. amboinicus is widely cultivated as a medicinal plant, potherb, ornamental, and condiment in tropical regions around the world. Panikoorka, or Plectranthus amboinicus, is a popular remedy used in South Indian states to treat coughs and colds in children.The plant is known for its numerous therapeutic benefits, and is particularly popular in Kerala. South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, Samoa. DOI:10.1016/j.jep.2005.09.011. Tropicos database., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Associated Fauna: The flowers are pollinated by bees and butterflies, Cultivation: Plectranthus amboinicus 'Variegatus' is easy-to-grow and handles hot weather well. Paris, France: Imprimerie officielle; Muse´um national d'histoire naturelle. Manila, Philippines: Bureau of Printing. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Let’s start with what it is not. This plant is nicknamed “amboinicus” from Ambon, an island where a botanist lives, his name is … National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Flowers terminal, spicate, 10-20 cm long, densely pubescent, the verticils 10-20(or more)-flowered, subglobose, the bracts 3-4 mm long, hirsute and glandular; pedicels slender, hirsute, to 5 mm long; calyx campanulate, 1.5-4 mm long, hirsute and glandular, the upper lip erect, broadly ovate-oblong, the other teeth narrow, acute; corolla pale blue or mauve to pink, 8-12 mm long, the tube declinate, 3-4 mm long, expanding distally, pubescent without, the upper lip to 4.5 mm long, 3 mm wide, erect, puberulent, the lower lop to 5-6 mm long, 4 mm wide, concave; stamens with filaments mostly fused into a tube around the style. Urban I, 1898-1928. > 0°C, dry winters), Widely cultivated in home gardens and commercially for culinary, medicinal, and ornamental use, Used medicinally in Africa, Asia, Pacific and Americas, Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Cuban Oregano is a sprawling and somewhat succulent herb, growing to 1 m tall. Spreng. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014. Sprawling and somewhat succulent aromatic herb to 1 m high, sometimes subligneous and prostrate at base, the branchlets ascending, densely spreading-hirsute. Flora of the Marquesas Islands website., Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. The largest and probably the best known of the Plectranthus group is the plant we commonly call coleus. Botany Suganda is an erect, spreading, branched, rather coarse, strongly aromatic, green herb, with fleshy stems. This family includes some of the most well-known herbs containing essential oils including lavender, sage, basil, mint and oregano. Stearn WT, 1992. It is also considered as a diuretic herbal agent and its leaves have a pungent taste and a pleasant odour. Common names for Plectranthus amboinicus: Barbados Thyme, Country Borage, Cuban Oregano, Five Seasons Herb, French Thyme, Indian Mint, Jamaican Thyme, Mexican Oregano, Soup Mint, Spanish Thyme, Plectranthus amboinicus is included in the following B and T … Family 175- Labiatae (Flora of Madagascar and the Comoros. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Randall RP, 2012. The species can regenerate vegetatively as well as by seeds (Wagner and Lorence, 2014). Humbert H, 1951. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Plectranthus is a paleotropical genus comprising around 300 species of annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs, often succulent (Wagner and Lorence, 2014). Plectranthus species are also used for dry season fodder (Lukhoba et al., 2006). Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. excellent addition to stuffings for meat and poultry. Flora of the Marquesas Islands website. Tropicos database. Risk of introduction for P. amboinicus is high, as the species is listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds as weedy and an environmental weed (Randall, 2012), and is known to be invasive outside of its native range including Cuba (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012) and the Pacific Islands (PIER, 2014). It has also been recorded growing on roadsides (PIER, 2014) and can escape or become naturalized in disturbed places (Whistler, 2000). The PLANTS Database. Cuban Oregano is a sprawling and somewhat succulent herb, growing to 1 m Whistler WA, 2000. Preferred Scientific Name. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) http://plants.usda.gov. Coleus amboinicus Lour. Govaerts R, 2014. Family 175. Flowers are … > 10°C, Cold average temp. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Bolivia, Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri; Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. The herb is used as a folk remedy for burns and bites, internally as a carminative and antiasthma, and applied externally as an insect repellant, and is also often grown as an ornamental plant for its attractive leaves and flowers (Whistler, 2000; Hanelt et al., 2001). Coleus amboinicus Lour. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Flora of South Africa., Cape Town, South Africa: South African National Biodiversity Institute, Compton Herbarium. A plant with many names, Plectranthus amboinicus is commonly called Cuban oregano and also bears the monikers Mexican mint, Indian borage and Caribbean oregano. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Typically growing to 60–75 cm (24–30 in) tall and wide, it is a bushy, woody-based evergreen perennial, widely grown for the highly decorative variegated leaves found in cultivated varieties. Variegated form Photograph by: Mokkie. Roux JP, 2003. Old stems are smooth (glabrescent). How to Grow Plectranthus Amboinicus. Barbados: University of the West Indies. Plectranthus aromaticus Roxb. Plectranthus: a review of ethnobotanical uses. Flowers Photograph by: Arun KumarN. ); Afrika-tiemie, krui-spoorsalie (Afr.) Leaves have stalks 1-4.5 cm long, densely velvety, like The leaves are also eaten as a vegetable, as well as for washing clothes, hair, and laundry due to its fragrance (Whistler, 2000; Wyk, 2005; Lukhoba et al., 2006). Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Flora Mesoamericana. Wyk BEvan, 2005. P. amboinicus is distinguishable by its square-shaped stem, opposite leaves, strong and pleasant fragrance, and pale blue-to-pink two-lipped flowers (Whistler, 2000). The species reproduces both by seeds and vegetatively (Wagner and Lorence, 2014) and forms dense carpets in shaded dry forest (PIER, 2014). Plectranthus amboinicus Common name: Cuban oregano Other common names: Ajwain leaf, Broad leaf thyme, Country borage, French thyme, Indian borage, Indian mint, Mexican mint, Soup mint, Spanish thyme, Three in one In Brazil, the species is often grown in subsistence agriculture (Wyk, 2005). Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour) Spreng belongs to family Lamiaceae, known as country borage in English. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. It competes with native flora by forming dense thickets (PIER, 2014) and can regenerate both vegetatively and by seed (Whistler, 2000; Wagner and Lorence, 2014). World Checklist of Lamiaceae. It was growing in the Virgin Islands by 1881, Puerto Rico by 1886, Guadeloupe by 1892, Jamaica by 1897, and Cuba by 1912 (Smithsonian Herbarium collections). Filaments of stamens are mostly fused into The Lamiacae, or mint family, is a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees comprising about 200 genera and 3200 species, many with a long history of medicinal and food use (University of Hawaii, 2014). From there it went to Solenostemon scutellarioides, but recently the … Since it is a popular and widely used herb, it may continue to escape cultivation and invade native ecosystems. cultivated world-wide. Leaves have stalks densely velvety, like most mint family plants. It is considered a common weed in South Africa (Roux, 2003). 103 (1), 1-24. The Plectranthus genus is characterized by both annual and perennial plants, many of which are used for food, ornamental, and medical purposes. Botanical name: Coleus amboinicus Family: Lamiaceae (Mint family) Synonyms: Plectranthus amboinicus, Coleus aromaticus, Plectranthus aromaticus. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. P. amboinicus has spread to most tropical parts of the world through intentional human introduction for cultivation. Spreng. Richmond, London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. http://plants.usda.gov/, Wagner WL; Lorence DH, 2014. Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Labiatae (South Australia) Lamiaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Department of Botany Vascular Plant Family Access Page: Lamiaceae (Labiatae). Lukhoba CW; Simmonds MSJ; Paton AJ, 2006. CABI is a registered EU trademark. The type specimen of the species was collected in Amboina, Moluccas, resulting in its species name amboinicus (Roux, 2003). most mint family plants. Foto n. 122665 - kryddkarlbergare (Plectranthus amboinicus) Flowers and leaves at Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. Plectranthus amboinicus (Cuban Oregano) Scientific Name. a tube around style. Leaves Photograph by: Mokkie. The Indian Borage plant has the name “Plectranthus” which comes from the Greek “plectron”, meaning spur, and “Anthos”, meaning flower, this refers to a flower that is shaped like a nail. Spreng. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Berlin, Germany: Springer. Merrill E D, 1923. P. amboinicus is known to be invasive in the Virgin Islands, Cuba, and various parts of the Pacific (see Distribution Table), and has a negative impact on ecosystems it has invaded. Further research is recommended on control of the species. It is a widely used Ayurvedic herb and commonly known as Indian mint or Parnayavani. The origin of P. amboinicus is thought to be tropical Africa, from whence it was introduced into India and then various parts of Asia by early explorers (Hanelt et al., 2001; Roux, 2003; Wyk, 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014; Wagner and Lorence, 2014).). According to Roux (2003), it occurs naturally in Africa from Kenya southwards to Angola in the west and, in the east, to Mozambique, Swaziland and northern Natal. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Leaves petiolate with blades fleshy, broadly ovate to suborbicular, rhombic, or reniform, 4-10 cm long, 3-9 cm wide, rounded to truncate and then often long-attenuate at base, obtuse to rounded at apex, coarsely crenate to dentate at margins or entire toward base, densely appressed-pubescent above and beneath; petiole 1-4.5 cm long. Invasive species in the Pacific: a technical review and draft regional strategy. Benth. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Wagner WL, Lorence DH, 2014. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). They are thickly stu… Flowers are borne in 10-20-flowered, densely Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 103(1):1-24. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2012/. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Plectranthus: a review of ethnobotanical uses. Online Database. It is considered a common weed in South Africa (Roux, 2003). Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Humbert H, 1951. A Global Compendium of Weeds., Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia. It is shade tolerant (PIER, 2014). http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/index.htm. Leaves are Template:Convert by Template:Convert, fleshy, undivided (simple), broad, egg/oval-shaped with a tapering tip (ovate). Although it is known to be cultivated in South America, the species was not included in Funk et al.’s (2007) work on the Guiana Shield or the Brazilian flora of Forzza et al. The origin of Cuban Oregano is unknown - it is widely 0.7 mm long, 0.5 mm wide. It can tolerate a range of soil conditions, shade, and moisture (Whistler, 2000). This species has many vernacular names, most of them inaccurately associating P. amboinicus as a mint, thyme, or oregano. Other common names: Cuban oregano, Spanish/French thyme, Indian borage, Indian mint, country borage It’s origin is unknown, but it is likely native to India or Africa. Hanelt P; Buttner R; Mansfeld R, 2001. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. The plant is sometimes prostrate at base, with the branchlets rising Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. margin or entire toward base. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Flowers are pale blue or mauve to , 2012. 1124 pp. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. London, UK: Cassell. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. The plant is sometimes prostrate at base, with the branchlets rising up, densely hairy. http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/lami.htm. P. amboinicus is cultivated in gardens and commercial agricultural settings. In Africa it is found at low altitudes in woodland or coastal bush, on rocky slopes and loamy or sandy flats (Roux, 2003). More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. List of species of the Flora of Brazil (Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil). Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). up, densely hairy. Plectranthus species are also used for dry season fodder (Lukhoba et al., 2006), which might also result in further spread. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Spreng. Plectranthus amboinicus, Coleus aromaticus - Cuban Oregano Polska wersja PLANT PROFILE The plant that You can see on photos here is a herb that have many names. It is large succulent aromatic perennial herb, shrubby below, hispidly villous or tomentose. The Many Health Benefits of Panikoorka. http://www.forgottenbooks.org/books/Botanical_Publications_of_E_D_Merrill_1000888541. Country of Origin: Kenya to S. Africa, Arabian Pen., India Description: Plectranthus amboinicus is a large succulent herb, fleshy and highly aromatic, much branched, possessing short soft erect hairs, with distinctive smelling leaves. Going to generate Report green herb, with the branchlets rising up densely... 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